Building a custom RPM for Zabbix Java Gateway

In this blogpost I’ll write my notes on creating a custom RPM. In one of my other posts I needed to modify the source code of a specific piece of Zabbix software; the Zabbix Java Gateway.

I like to have my software in RPMS for easy deployment, here are the steps I took to create a zabbix-java-gateway RPM with the modified source code.

You can find the resulting RPM here.

My system is a clean CentOS 6.5 x86_64 machine.  Building RPMS is done as a non privileged user, so I assume you have a user present in your environment. All steps are performed by the user “dkanbier” unless specified otherwise.

1. Setup the build environment

Get the needed software:

$ sudo yum -y update
$ sudo yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"
$ sudo yum -y install rpmdevtools

Create the required directory structure:

$ rpmdev-setuptree

This creates a directory structure and .rpmmacros file:

ls -al |grep rpm
 drwxrwxr-x. 7 dkanbier dkanbier 4096 Jan 22 13:23 rpmbuild
 -rw-rw-r--. 1 dkanbier dkanbier 135 Jan 22 13:23 .rpmmacros

2. Get the SRPM (Source RPM) from the software we need to modify

In this case we will need the zabbix SRPM file, which can be found here: zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.src.rpm

$ wget

Install it in the rpmbuild structure:

$ rpm -ivh zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.src.rpm

Be sure to check out what gets installed. Particularly interesting is the SPEC file in rpmbuild/SPECS/zabbix.spec.

But we came here to modify the source code, so let’s look for that.

3. Modify the source code

In ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES you’ll find a tar.gz archive named zabbix-2.2.1.tar.gz. This contains the entire zabbix source files and we need to modify a file there.

Let’s unpack, modify the file and pack it again.


$ cd ~/rpmbuild/SOURCES
$ tar -xzf zabbix-2.2.1.tar.gz

The file I’m interested in is zabbix-2.2.1/src/zabbix_java/src/com/zabbix/gateway/

Open it and change:


All done with the source code, let’s zip it again so we can rebuild the RPMS:

$ rm -rf zabbix-2.2.1.tar.gz
$ tar -czf zabbix-2.2.1.tar.gz zabbix-2.2.1/

So we’re back to where we started, but with the modified source code in the tar.gz file.

4. Build the new RPMS

Now our system needs to have all the development packages installed which are required for the zabbix software. If we try to build now, we’d run into errors like:

$ rpmbuild -ba rpmbuild/SPECS/zabbix.spec
 error: Failed build dependencies:
 postgresql-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 net-snmp-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 openldap-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 gnutls-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 iksemel-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 sqlite-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 unixODBC-devel is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 OpenIPMI-devel >= 2 is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 libssh2-devel >= 1 is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
 java-devel >= 1.6.0 is needed by zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64

So let’s install these dependencies first. You can install all but 1 from the default CentOS repositories:

$ sudo yum -y install postgresql-devel net-snmp-devel openldap-devel gnutls-devel sqlite-devel unixODBC-devel OpenIPMI-devel libssh2-devel java-devel

iksemel-devel is not available in the default CentOS repositories. This is found in the EPEL repository however, I’ll add it really quick:

$ wget
$ sudo rpm -Uvh epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

Install the iksemel-devel package:

$ sudo yum -y install iksemel-devel

Now build the RPM packages using the rpmbuild command. This will compile all the sources, so it will take a while and produce a lot of output. Just wait till it finishes and tells us everything went fine. With that much output we’ll just have to take it’s word for it.

When it’s done, take a look at the last lines of the output:

Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/SRPMS/zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.src.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-agent-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-get-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-sender-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-server-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-server-mysql-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-server-pgsql-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-proxy-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-proxy-mysql-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-proxy-pgsql-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-proxy-sqlite3-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-java-gateway-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/zabbix-web-2.2.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/zabbix-web-mysql-2.2.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/zabbix-web-pgsql-2.2.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/zabbix-web-japanese-2.2.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm
Wrote: /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-debuginfo-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Executing(%clean): /bin/sh -e /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.FEZtdI
+ umask 022
+ cd /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/BUILD
+ cd zabbix-2.2.1
+ rm -rf /home/dkanbier/rpmbuild/BUILDROOT/zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64
+ exit 0

Great, exit status 0 and it tells me where it wrote the RPMS. In my case I’m only interested in the zabbix-java-gateway RPM file, because that contains the modification I made.

On my Zabbix server I can now just remove the existing RPM and replace it with this one, add the JBoss EAP 6 remoting-jmx libraries to /usr/sbin/zabbix_java/lib and start the zabbix-java-gateway.


There is actually a lot more to creating RPM’s. For example, it would have been nice to update the version number of the RPM and tell people who made it using the .spec file.

The only thing that let’s people know somebody else than Zabbix made this RPM is bij looking at the Build Host when you query the RPM:

$ rpm -qip rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/zabbix-java-gateway-2.2.1-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
Name : zabbix-java-gateway Relocations: (not relocatable)
Version : 2.2.1 Vendor: (none)
Release : 1.el6                           Build Date: Wed 22 Jan 2014 02:04:59 PM CET
Install Date: (not installed)             Build Host: zabbix-dev.kanbier.lan
Group : Applications/Internet             Source RPM: zabbix-2.2.1-1.el6.src.rpm
Size : 622630 License: GPLv2+
Signature : (none)
Summary : Zabbix java gateway
Description :
The Zabbix java gateway

And of course the RPM wouldn’t be signed by Zabbix’s GPG key.


One thought on “Building a custom RPM for Zabbix Java Gateway

  1. Very nice guide, I used it to rebuild RPM’s for CentOS 7.
    Saved me some troubles. Thanks.

    You have a little, but critical typo in your guide:

    1. Setup the build environment

    Get the needed software:

    $ sudo yum -y update
    $ sudo yum -y groupinstall “Development Tools”
    $ sudo yum -y rpmdevtools

    the string install is missing from the third command.

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